Banana can be cultivated only on the 30th parallel south and north, and is an easily accessed and sought-after fruit all around the world.
Banana is a fruit type that can only be grown in tropical regions, and is prone to spoilage. The most advanced method of storing bananas is a type of controlled atmosphere storage, which has high airflow and allows for temperature, humidity and ethylene control. Unlike the general assumption, it is harvested in green color before it is ripened. Bunches of bananas are brought into the necessary size for trading and washed and dipped in fungicide water before they are stored in cold storage set up at +12/+15 °C depending on the variety, and with a humidity rate of 85-90%.
Bananas release ethylene gas during respiration. This gas secretion accelerates its maturing. That is why the most critical factor in storing bananas is the level of ethylene in the storage.
. Unfortunately, bananas are not suitable for long-term storage. Stored while they are still green, bananas have maximum 6-7 weeks of storage life, and cannot be sent to the market straight after storage. They are given ethylene in a controlled way in special rooms for breaking down the chlorophyll on the skin in order to change its colour to yellow in 6-8 days depending on the temperature and then sent to the market.